Culture and Heritage

Mexican Arts

Various forms of visual art developed in the cultural area today recognized as Mexico. The evolution of these arts somewhat follows the history of Mexico, separated into the early prehispanic Mesoamerican period, to the post-colonial era of the Spain, to the nineteenth century. The nineteenth century saw a great flowering of Mexican art, particularly in decorative arts, architecture and jewelry. The nineteenth century saw the first attempt to integrate arts in architecture, and mass production of textiles. The most important art form in Mexico, and one of the most developed, are the painting. Paintings in Mexico are highly valued as pieces of art and accessories for decorating homes, giving as gifts and selling. In fact, the sale of Mexican paintings is a big business in Mexico. The Mexican arts have given way to modern designs and are now much more advanced, with a greater variety of colors and textures. This is reflected in arts and crafts stores throughout the country. Another Mexican art is the handicrafts, or pottery. These are artistic creations made out of clay or other materials, which are then painted. Pottery is very important to Mexicans. Not only does it reflect their lifestyle, but it gives a distinctive appearance to the house. Mexican handicrafts are not only used for interior decoration, but also for exterior decorations. Examples include tiles, ornamental ironwork, marbles and other stones, ceramic statues and Aztec sculptures. The pottery of Mexico is famous throughout the world. It is widely traded due to its value, beauty and variety of color. It is a major export of Mexico is a leading supplier of Mexican pottery. There are three types of pottery, including terracotta, ceramic and the wooden pottery. These Mexican arts are so popular that many tourists visit Mexico to purchase Mexican pottery souvenirs and paintings. Another group of Mexican arts that is gaining popularity is the native Spanish crafts. These Spanish crafts originated from the same region of Mexico as the other two groups, but they were brought together by the United States after the revolution. Many of these items were made by the indigenous people, who used nature, colors, wood and different materials in their artistic creations. There is an array of different native Spanish crafts that are now used by American Indians and others. They represent many aspects of nature and native lifestyle. One of the most popular of these Mexican arts is the Frida Kahlo necklace. This necklace is encrusted with 24 small sparkly diamonds and has a silver pendant chain with a cross pendant. The necklace is one of the more popular pieces of Mexican art. It dates back to the early 1960s, but has managed to be on the top list of Must Have Lists for years. Mexican arts integration is not limited to Mexico's rich culture. Anyone can take part in these forms of expression. Even elementary school children are starting to enjoy learning about these forms. By teaching these lessons in middle schools and high schools, educators hope to give students a deeper understanding of the Mexican culture, and give them a chance to appreciate the beautiful works of Mexican artists. These lessons could also help to inculcate the values of good stewardship and respect for all cultures around the world. These two groups of Mexican arts make a strong combination. They complement each other, yet also encourage each other to pursue their artistic passions. Each of the groups may have developed completely different styles, but both have achieved much success. While there may be similarities between the cultures, there are also striking differences, as well as profound differences that only enhance their value as fine crafts.