Country Of MexicoMexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a South American country in the southwestern part of North America. It is highly bordered in the north to the southwest by the United States; across the south by the Pacific Ocean; across the northwest to the northeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and south to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Mexico is one of the oldest civilizations in the Western Hemisphere. The history of Mexico dates back to more than five hundred years. It was originally populated by Mozaics and Aztecs. The Aztecs built the first Aztec city on the south side of the Rio Grande, while the Mozaics founded the city of Tenochtitlan on the Gulf of Mexico side. Mexico, like many countries in South America, has been invaded and occupied by several foreign countries. In fact, during both the Spanish Magellan's trip and the voyage of Christopher Columbus, Mexico was under the control of various cultures, most notably the Spanish colonists who brought with them the language and culture of Latin America. Independence for Mexico was achieved when the conquistadors returned from their trips and occupied Monterrey, Mexico; Puebla, Mexico; and Vera Lacuna, Mexico, following the end of the European colonial era. After independence, two languages were formally created in Mexico: French and English. English is the official language of Mexico, but nearly all of the country speaks French. There are also many Spanish-speaking communities throughout Mexico. Most countries in South America have a flag that is considered the national emblem. Mexico has its own flag known as the Mexican flag, which is red with yellow equal stripes. The thirteen stars of the flag represent the original countries that colonized Mexico: Spain, France, Brazil, Cuba, Nicaragua, Honduras, California, New Mexico, Arizona, Nebraska, and Utah. These are the same states that comprise the United States - Texas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, and Colorado. San Diego is the capital of the Country Of Mexico and is located on the western part of the Gulf of Mexico, on the southwest corner of the state. It is often referred to as "the jewel of the Pacific." San Diego boasts the latest and most modern airport in the nation, which is Sea World. San Diego State University is located in San Diego, which is also the site of the annual Polynesian Cultural Center. Other notable universities and colleges in San Diego are Occidental College, San Diego State University, Carleton College, and Azusa Pacific University. The second most populous city in the Country Of Mexico is San Miguel de Allende. It is located south of San Diego, on the Pacific Ocean. Like San Diego, the capital city of Mexico is also on the peninsula of Mexico's Pacific coast. Like San Diego, it is an important port for exporting products to the United States. It is also the site of numerous prestigious universities, like the University of California, San Diego. If you have visited, or plan to visit, Mexico, and want to experience the authentic taste of Mexican cuisine, then you should consider a visit to the charming little town of Aguascalientes. Aguascalientes lies along the Gulf of Mexico, and is on the western slope of the Sierra Madre Mountains. This is where you will find the world's best fresh seafood, fresh fruits, vegetables, and authentic Mexican produce. Campeche, the spicy blend of dried chilies, is an integral part of many Mexican dishes; but, don't expect to find this tasty blend in your local Mexican restaurant. You must try it yourself, at an authentic Mexican food stand in the downtown of Aguascalientes, or Baja California sur. In fact, you will find this blend of peppers and spices almost as famous as the Mexican flag!Mexico City itself is another great example of diversity. Mexico City grew from a Spanish city into what is today Mexico's most significant financial center and a world-class city. Not only did the United States gain a lot of territory during the formation of the Republic of Mexico, but a key component of the revolution was the building of the first modern urban area in the western hemisphere. The central district of Mexico City today is home to numerous hotels and is considered one of the most exciting destinations in the world. Mexico City's historic downtown district is lined with beautiful hotels, museums, and commercial complexes. While you are in the country, visit the Zocalo, or open air theatre, which is located in a historic square in central Mexico City.